Actually, all now farmers think about the time of year to be Associate in Nursing off season for chili plants. this is often as a result of chili is simply too tough to treat throughout the time of year.
Threats return from tormentor attacks that explode to numerous diseases by fungi and microorganism that run rampant throughout the time of year.
Therefore, several farmers square measure turning to grow different crops. As a result, the provision of chilies on the market drastically reduced. This junction rectifier to inflation for chili.
Of course this chance is unfortunate to miss.
Therefore, farmers should take further care of their chili plants to be able to harvest and acquire an honest value too.
Planting chili within the time of year can face weather obstacles that don’t seem to be causative to the conventional growth of chili plants.
In addition it’ll additionally trigger the event of plant pests and plant diseases, in order that the danger of failure is larger.
To anticipate that chili plants don’t seem to be vulnerable with failure throughout the time of year, many things to think about include:
Local varieties (non-hybrid) that square measure able to adapt to the time of year square measure Tit Super 55 massive chili, and native frizzy chili
Super 55 Tit
Tit super 55 may be a massive lowland chili appropriate for planting throughout the season, particularly within the time of year.
Vegetative growth is powerful, the most stem has few lateral branches in order that the most branch grows tall and tall. Compact plant cover, inexperienced leaves, less waxy and of medium size.
Dark red fruit once ripe, fruit length one2-14 cm with a diameter of 1.5 cm. Harvest ninety days once phanerogam with a possible yield of twenty tons per area unit.
Local frizzy varieties that square measure proof against rain like the holy native curl, lembang, Lampung, West Sumatra, arrowroot, karo, and so on.
In addition to native native chilies, there square measure native frizzy chilies that are chosen by seed corporations like the bestseller (East West seed), cemeti (Chia-Thai seed), frizzy choose (selektani), slap (the Hyang Seri), reliable, prime, and so on.
Improve drain round the plantation
Stagnant water triggers the event of prefer (Plant Pests) each pests and diseases of chili plants.
Repairing the system must be done in order that the water runs swimmingly.
Adjust bed height
In the time of year the beds square measure typically up to fifty cm high, however throughout the time of year the beds have to be compelled to be created taller.
High beds are often created into 60-70 cm. this is often supposed to cut back soil wetness thanks to the quantity of water within the time of year.
Experienced farmers within the time of year typically alter the spacing to 60×70 cm with a zig-zag / triangle pattern.
With a good planting distance of daylight will freely enter the encompassing chili plants, in order that high humidness are often reduced.
Although the amount of chili pepper population is reduced, it will alter plant maintenance and supply a stronger microclimate.
Intensive observation of tormentor development
The development of pests and pests is extremely quick within the time of year thanks to the weather that supports its development.
Therefore, it’s necessary management} the observation of the event of pests from the start to anticipate and control intensively integrated pests.
Chili plants square measure liable to pests and diseases. Some varieties of pests and diseases that attack chili plants within the time of year include; armyworm, whitefly, trips, fruit worm (Helicoverpa), microorganism plant disease Ralstonia solanacearum, anthracnose / patek, additionally as flora and different microorganism diseases.
However, the unwellness most feared by farmers is that the homopterous insect infestation which will carry the Gemini virus and anthracnose unwellness. This unwellness will cause failure up to ninetieth.
Whitefly may be a vector or carrier of a yellow / gemini virus, that is why the symptoms of the attack can flip yellow leaves. homopterous insect is tough to regulate as a result of it’s onerous to examine.
Therefore in dominant homopterous insect infestation it’s necessary to listen to effective time. the foremost acceptable time is throughout the nymph part.
In this part the homopterous insect is actively feeding however can stay within the same place till it becomes Associate in Nursing imago.
Control by spraying general pesticide with the active ingredient Imidaclopride, Abamectin, Carbosulfan are often done from the age of fourteen days, spraying once each ten days.
Spread of anthracnose or cuttings are often through the wind or rain splashes. Therefore, anthracnose unwellness is usually found and develops speedily throughout the time of year or in high humidness conditions.
Especially if it rains throughout the day, then atmospheric condition seems after. Anthracnose fungi can multiply terribly quickly.
Control are going to be more practical if the attacked fruit is clean 1st from the sphere, then chemical management are often done by spraying fungicides with active ingredients: Propineb, Mankozeb, Tebukonazol, Trifloksistrobin once commencing to flower each 3 days.
Using pesticides with adhesives and grading tools to regulate pests / diseases.
The use of adhesives and grading materials like agristic mixed with pesticides causes the employment of pesticides a lot of with efficiency as a result of they’re not simply washed away by high intensity fresh water.
Other use of grading adhesives are often used with the advice of an area technical or agricultural extension officer.